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Politician who began her career as a school teacher

Which Politician Started Her Career As A School Teacher

The individual who served as the first President of India from 1950 to 1962 was a politician with a background in education.

Rajendra Prasad, a renowned politician, served as the President of India from 1946 to 1962. He held various positions throughout his career, including being the Vice President and Prime Minister. Prior to entering politics, Prasad worked as a school teacher.

Date of Birth: December 3, 1884

Place of Birth: Siwan (present-day India)

Date of Death: February 28, 1963 at the age of 78

Political Affiliation:

Born in 1896, this individual had a child and pursued various occupations throughout her life. These included being involved in politics, working as a lawyer, journalist, and scholar. She also received awards in 1962 for her achievements.

Rajendra Prasad (born Rajendra Prasad Srivastava ; 3 December 1884 – 28 February 1963) was an Indian politician, lawyer, journalist and scholar who served as the first from 1950 to 1962. He joined the during the and became a major leader from the region of and. A supporter of , Prasad was imprisoned by authorities during the of 1930 and the of 1942. After the constituent assembly , Prasad served as 1st Minister of Food and Agriculture in the central government from 1947 to 1948. Upon independence in 1947, Prasad was elected as President of the , which prepared the and served as its provisional.

After India became a republic in 1950, Prasad was chosen as its first president by the Constituent Assembly. During his presidency, Prasad emphasized the importance of impartiality and independence for the office-holder, distancing himself from party politics. Despite being a ceremonial head of state, he actively promoted education in India and provided advice to the Nehru government on various occasions. In 1957, Prasad was re-elected as president, making him the only one to serve two full terms. He held this position for approximately 12 years – the longest term ever served by an Indian president. Following his tenure, Prasad resigned from Congress and established new guidelines that are still followed by parliamentarians today.

Early life

Prasad hailed from a family in Ziradei, Bihar. His father, Mahadev Sahai Srivastava, was well-versed in literature and politics. Meanwhile, his mother Kamleshwari Devi was deeply religious and often shared stories from ancient scriptures with her son. Being the youngest among his siblings – one elder brother and three elder sisters – Prasad faced the loss of his mother at a young age but found solace under the care of his eldest sister.

Student life

After the completion of traditional elementary education, he was sent to the School. Meanwhile, in June 1896, at the early age of 12, he was married to Rajavanshi Devi. He, along with his elder brother, Mahendra Prasad, then went to study at T.K. Ghosh’s Academy in for a period of two years. He secured first in the entrance examination to the and was awarded Rs. 30 per month as a scholarship.

Prasad began his career in 1902 as a student of science. He successfully completed his F.A. under the guidance of the university and graduated with distinction in March 1905. His exceptional intelligence was recognized by an examiner who praised him, saying that he surpassed their own knowledge. Prasad then shifted his focus to arts and pursued an M.A. degree in Economics from the University of Calcutta, which he obtained with top honors in December 1907. During this time, he resided with his brother at their family home and actively participated in various public activities as well as being a dedicated student.

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Overall, Prasad had a remarkable academic journey combined with active involvement in social initiatives that laid the foundation for his future political career

Career

Prasad and during the Champaran Satyagraha in 1917.

Prasad began her career in education, working as a teacher at different schools. Once she finished her postgraduate degree in economics, she became an English professor at a college and eventually became the principal. However, she later decided to pursue legal studies and joined the (now known as ). While studying law in 1909, Prasad also held a position as an Economics Professor at .

As a lawyer

In 1915, Prasad appeared in the examination of master’s in law from the , passed the examination and won a gold medal. He completed his Doctorate in Law from. In 1916, he joined the High Court of Bihar and Odisha. In 1917, he was appointed as one of the first members of the Senate and of the Patna University. He also practised law at , the famous silk town in Bihar.

Which Politician Began Her Career as a School Teacher?

Prasad had a major role in the Independence Movement. Prasad’s first association with was during 1906 annual session organised in Calcutta, where he participated as a volunteer, while studying in Calcutta. Formally, he joined the in the year 1911, when the annual session was again held in Calcutta. During the Lucknow Session of Indian National Congress held in 1916, he met. During one of the fact-finding missions at , asked him to come with his volunteers. He was so greatly moved by the dedication, courage and conviction of Mahatma Gandhi that as soon as the motion of was passed by in 1920, he retired from his lucrative career of lawyer as well as his duties in the university to aid the movement.

In response to the request to boycott Western educational institutions, he decided that his son, Mrityunjaya Prasad, should leave his studies and join a school that followed the traditional Indian approach. This institution was established by him and his colleagues.

Jawaharlal Nehru, Bhulabhai Desai, and Rajendra Prasad were seen together at the AICC Session in March 1939.

During the course of the independence movement, he interacted with , a writer, and polymath. Rahul Sankrityayan was greatly influenced by Prasad’s intellectual powers, finding him to be a guide and guru. In many of his articles he mentioned about his meeting with Sankrityayan and narrated about his meetings with Sankrityayan. He wrote articles for the revolutionary publications Searchlight and the Desh and collected funds for these papers. He toured widely, explaining, lecturing, and exhorting the principles of the independence movement.

He actively participated in providing assistance to the people affected by the floods that occurred in Bihar in 1914. During his imprisonment, when an earthquake struck Bihar on January 15, 1934, he entrusted the relief work to a trusted colleague. Upon his release two days later, he established the Bihar Central Relief Committee on January 17, 1934 and took charge of raising funds for helping those affected. Following a government order on May 31 which prevented him from leaving the country, he assumed presidency of the Quetta Central Relief Committee and initiated relief efforts there as well.

He was chosen as the President of the during the Bombay gathering in October 1934. He once again took up the position when resigned in 1939. On 8 August 1942, Congress approved the Quit India Resolution in Bombay which resulted in numerous Indian leaders being detained. Prasad was apprehended in , Patna and transported to prison. After spending almost three years behind bars, he was set free on 15 June 1945..

Presidency

From 1958 to 1960, President Prasad embarked on five official trips to Japan, , , , and Indonesia.

On 26 January 1950, two and a half years after India gained independence, the Constitution of independent India was officially approved. This marked an important milestone for the country. However, on the night before this significant event, his sister Bhagwati Devi passed away. He made arrangements for her cremation but had to wait until he returned from the parade ground before carrying out her final rites.

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The photograph shows the captains (on the left and right) along with Prasad (in the center) on the day of the inaugural test match between two teams on 16th October 1952.

As the President of India, Prasad fulfilled his constitutional duties independently and without any political party affiliation. He extensively traveled as an Indian ambassador, establishing diplomatic relationships with foreign nations. He was re-elected for two consecutive terms, a remarkable achievement unmatched by any other Indian President. During his tenure, the Rashtrapati Bhavan opened its doors to the public for a month, becoming a popular attraction in Delhi and other parts of the country.

Prasad acted independently of political parties, following the expected role of the president as required by the constitution. Following the tussle over the enactment of the , he took a more active role in state affairs. In 1962, after serving 12 years as president, he announced his decision to retire. After relinquishing the office of the President of India in May 1962, he returned to on 14 May 1962 and stayed on the campus of Bihar Vidyapeeth. His wife died on 9 September 1962, a month before. He was subsequently honoured with , the nation’s highest civilian award.

He passed away on 28th February 1963 at the age of 78. A memorial is dedicated to him.

First school teacher in India

As an influential figure, Savitribai Jyotirao Phule fought tirelessly for gender equality in India. She recognized the importance of empowering women through education and worked towards providing educational opportunities for girls. By establishing schools exclusively for girls, she challenged societal norms that restricted their access to knowledge.

Today, Savitribai Jyotirao Phule remains an inspiration for generations of Indians striving towards gender equality and inclusive education. Her legacy serves as a reminder that even one person can make a significant impact on society when they stand up for what is right.

Practical advice or examples:

1) Encourage equal access to education: Promote initiatives that provide equal educational opportunities for both boys and girls from all socio-economic backgrounds.

2) Raise awareness about gender inequality: Organize workshops or seminars highlighting issues related to gender discrimination and encourage open discussions on how these biases can be overcome.

State honours

The highest civilian honor of India, awarded in 1962, is a prestigious decoration.

Who was the initial educator?

Confucius is widely believed to be the first teacher in the world. He worked as a personal instructor, specializing in teaching history. In the past, education was exclusively available to those belonging to the royal or noble classes. However, Confucius challenged this notion by offering his teachings to anyone who showed a willingness to learn.

For instance, instead of assuming that only certain professions require continuous learning (such as doctors or engineers), we should encourage lifelong learning in all fields of work and areas of interest. This could involve attending workshops or webinars related to our hobbies or exploring new subjects through online courses.

In popular culture

Babu Rajendra Prasad is 1980 directed by Manjul Prabhat and produced by the which covers the life of the first president of India.

Who is considered the pioneer of teacher education in India?

Johann Heinrich Pestalozzi, a Swiss social reformer and educator, is renowned as the progenitor of Modern Education. He played a pivotal role in initiating the modern era of education through his innovative ideas and unwavering dedication. His visionary spirit led to significant educational reforms across Europe during the nineteenth century.

List:

– Johann Heinrich Pestalozzi is recognized as the Father of Modern Education.

– He was a Swiss social reformer and educator.

– His ideas and principles brought about substantial educational reforms in Europe during the nineteenth century.

Bibliography

The magazine issue from 1948 featured a portrait of Prasad as the president, which was created by Swamy.

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The stamp of India issued in 1962 featured Prasad, who had a notable career as a school teacher.

Who is considered the pioneer of teaching education in India?

Johann Heinrich Pestalozzi is widely respected worldwide as the Father of Pedagogy due to his significant efforts in laying the scientific groundwork for the teaching and learning process.

Contributions made by Johann Heinrich Pestalozzi:

1. Establishment of scientific principles: Pestalozzi played a crucial role in establishing the scientific foundations that form the basis of modern pedagogy.

2. Global recognition: His contributions have gained him international acclaim, with educators around the world acknowledging his immense impact on education.

3. Revolutionary teaching methods: Pestalozzi introduced innovative teaching methods that emphasized hands-on learning, individualized instruction, and active student participation.

4. Focus on holistic development: He advocated for a comprehensive approach to education that encompassed not only intellectual growth but also moral, emotional, and physical development.

See also

Here are some books about Rajendra Prasad, the first President of India:

– Kewalram Lalchand Panjabi wrote a book called “Rajendra Prasad, first President of India” which was published by Macmillan in 1960.

– Another book titled “Rajendra Prasad: twelve years of triumph and despair” was written by Rajendra Lal Handa and published by Sterling Publishers in 1979.

– Rajendra Prasad himself authored a book called “Dr Rajendra Prasad, Correspondence and Select Documents” along with Valmiki Choudhary. It was published by Allied Publishers in 1984 (Vol. 1-Vol.10).

– The Lok Sabha Secretariat published a book on Dr Rajendra Prasad in 1990.

– Nirmal Kumar wrote a book named “Rajendra Prasad and the Indian freedom struggle, 1917–1947,” which was published by Patriot Publishers in 1991.

– A.B. Kohli compiled a book called “First Citizens of India, Dr Rajendra Prasad to Dr Shanker Dayal Sharma: Profile and Bibliography,” which was published by Reliance Pub. House in 1995.

During her tenure in public service, she held various political positions from the year 1950 to 1962. She succeeded a previous politician and was later followed by another individual in that role.

Which Indian President was an educator?

Today is a significant day as we celebrate the birth anniversary of Dr. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan, an eminent educationist, philosopher, and former President of India. He was born on this day and his contributions to the field of education are widely recognized and celebrated.

Dr. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan began his career as a school teacher before venturing into academia and becoming one of the most influential thinkers in Indian philosophy. His deep understanding of various philosophical traditions helped shape his approach towards education, emphasizing its transformative power in society.

First female teacher in India?

Savitribai Phule was a remarkable pioneer in the field of education, particularly for girls and marginalized communities. In 1848, she made history by becoming the first female teacher in India. Alongside her husband, Jyotirao Phule, Savitribai also established a school specifically for girls. This groundbreaking initiative aimed to provide educational opportunities to those who were often excluded from mainstream society.

Through their efforts, Savitribai and Jyotirao Phule laid the foundation for inclusive education in India. They challenged societal norms and fought against discrimination based on gender and caste. Their pioneering work continues to inspire generations of educators today as they strive towards creating an equitable and accessible educational system.

– Savitribai Phule was the first female teacher in India.

– She opened a school exclusively for girls with her husband.

– Their work aimed at providing education for marginalized sections of society

Who is the originator of Indian education?

Macaulay firmly believed that adopting English as the language of education would modernize India and bridge the gap between Indians and their British rulers. He argued that by learning English, Indians would have access to Western knowledge, literature, and science, which he considered essential for progress. This policy had far-reaching consequences as it not only impacted higher education but also influenced social mobility and cultural assimilation.